National Park of Sete Cidades
The National Park of Sete Cidades (Seven Cities) causes deep impression for the grandiosity and scenic beauty of its natural monuments. The first notice on this place was published in December 09, 1.886 by Jácome Avelino, who called it "City Petrified". The magnificent set of existing monuments in the Park of Sete Cidades was formed by the action of the winds, rains and the heat throughout at least 190 million years. The Park is located to the north of the State of Piauí, northeast of Brazil. Its area belongs to the cities of Piracuruca and Brasileira, being to a 190 km distance from the capital of the state, Teresina. The climate is tropical with average temperature of 25 degrees, being the dry period from July to December. The public visitation to the Park and its attractives must be made obeying the criteria and norms as established in its Plan of Handling, instrument that allows the visitor to enjoy the visit with more security. The Plan of Handling highlights the importance of protecting the Park area with total preservation with the important mission to keep, conserve and guarantee the survival of the species in its natural habitat.
The area open to public visitation corresponds to 490 hectares approximately, where are located the geologic monuments, natural swimming pools and the waterfall. The extension of the passage is of 12 km.
The set of existing rupestres paintings in the National Park of Sete Cidades marks the creativity of our ancestor. It is an harmonic set, obeying a regular sequence with intercalated repetitions of some signs. In the drawings decorative elements predominate: dotted, straight lines and curves, representations of animals, hands and still some symbols as the radiated sun, stars and suns, that certify the influence of the sun in the life of the primitive men.
The fauna of the Park of Sete Cidades is not exclusive of the Open pasture nor of the Caatinga, occurring species that also inhabit other ecosystems. The most varied wild animals find there a safe place. True armadillos, mocó, fox, mateiro deer, sussuarana, paca ounce, tamanduá mirim, agouti and iguana can be seen freely in its natural habitat. Many species that had disappeared of the region had after come back the creation of the Park and today they coexist in harmony with the visitors.
The environmental richness and the beauties of the landscapes of the National Park of Sete Cidades make of it a patrimony without borders from there the importance to know it and to contribute for the conservation of its integrity.