Increase of capital of the sun, Natal is the entrance for some of the most beautiful Brazilian beaches, as of the archipelago of Fernando De Noronha, in the state of Pernambuco, and a beach succession that goes from the north and the south of the capital of the State of Rio Grande do norte.
Established in 1599, the city preserves the historical district the quantity of the time of its settling. Bathed by the river Potengi and the Atlantic Ocean, it was a strategical point for the entrance of Frenchmen, Portuguese and dutches in Brazil. More recently, during the Second World War I, it served of base for the American troops and therefore she was also known as "Springboard of the Victory". This past is reflected in the city of Natal.
Before leaving in search of the sun, beaches, dunes and the coqueirais that extend throughout all the coast of the Rio Grande do Norte, it's worth visiting some monuments and to better know this region so disputed by the Europeans. The starting point can be the fortress named "Fortaleza Dos Reis Magos", where the city was born. Surrounded for a wall in star form, it was raised by the Portuguese, between 1598 and 1628, to defend Natal from the dutch invasion. Another construction of the time is the old Cathedral Metropolitan, inaugurated in 1599 and recouped recently. The Theater Alberto Maranhão, of 1898, tumbled by the state Historic site, is an example of the architecture of the colonial time, as well as the Church of Saint Antonio, constructed in century XVIII. Between a historical stroll and other, it reserves to the visitor urban beaches, some calm and others full of surfers and beautiful people.
The beaches, do Forte, do Meio, dos Artistas and Areia Preta. In the end of the Coastal Way - following in direction to the south -, constructed to implement the tourism in the State, it is the beach of ponta Negra, from where sights the mount of the Careca, enormous dune to the side-sea, of almost vertical inclination. An ascent, sinking the feet in soft sands, can be a good stroll.
The state os Rio Grande do Norte
Almost 365 days of sun per year and an annual average temperature of 26º C make of this state a privileged one. Not only for the natural beauties, with beaches and dunes in more than 400 kilometers of coast, but also for having the freshest air of Latin America, as affirmed by NASA and the National Institute of Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) from searches concluded in 1992.
Although it has enough attractives, the tourism activity was only developed in this state from years 80, with the implantation in Natal, of the Coastal Way, an avenue of eight kilometers by the side-sea. Where the main hotels and restaurants of the city are concentrated. Since then the Government is investing in the industry of the tourism, improving the infrastructure and conserving the natural patrimony. One of the prominences is the implantation of the State Park of Dunes, for the preservation of the dune chain that surrounds the capital. Natal is the gateway for the beaches of the State, many of them still half-savages, as Pipa and Pirangi, and other more famous as Genipabu.
The region was tamed by Frenchmen between the years of 1535 and 1598. And it did not take long for Portuguese and dutch to fight for the domain of the area. Because of this, the colonization was slow and started effectively in 1633, when it started to be controlled by dutches. They had began by exploring the salt, the sugarcane and the cattle bovine.
Thanks to this, the State responds today for 87% of the total production of marine salt of the Country, with a capacity installed of about 5 million tons, only 42% of the production possibility, that, if calculated, either of 12 million tons.
The state is also noted for the oil production. With an average daily extration of 100 thousand barrels, the State is in second place in ranking national - in extration in sea - losing only for the city of Campos, in Rio De Janeiro. The majority of the wells, as also the most important salt mines, is located in the second bigger city of the State, Mossoró, about 80 kilometers from Natal.
Mossoró is still the capital of the irrigated fruitculture, supplying 70% of the national cantaloups market. Beyond this fruit, the State is famous nationally for its plantations of other tropical fruits, as the mango and the cashew. It was a cashew tree that took the State to appear in the Guiness Book. It is in the beach of the Pirangi of the North, the 24 kilometers from Natal, that is the biggest cashew tree of the world, with 500 meters of circumference and 92 years of existence, occupying a 7.300m2 area. Its pantry is equivalent to an aggregate of 70 cashew trees, but he is one only. Pirangi of the North is located in Parnamirim, city where concentrates the artisan production of incomes of bilro and labyrinth. The tenants interlace, with patience and speed, fine wires of cotton into towels, bedspreads of bed and clothes. Moreover, in Parnamirim the visitor can go to the Barrier of the Hell, first base of rocket launching of Latin America.